What is Golf Wedge? A Perfect Guideline for Beginners

What is golf wedge

Basically, a golf wedge is a subset of the golf iron family. But golf wedge is designed for some special purposes and also it is not designed for distance shots. Generally, wedges have the shortest iron with the most lofts. And also the clubhead is much heavy. These special features help a golf player making the short-distance lob shots more accurate. So as you can see, it is quite different from the golf irons.

More than any other club in a player’s bag, wedges are the position clubs. Golf Wedges are specially designed with a modified sole that helps a player in moving the clubhead through soft grounds such as sand, mud, thick grass.

Key Characteristics:

The clubhead on the wedge is made of irons. But their bounce is more which is made by the angle of the metal on the sole of the club. The bounce should be tailored according to the course’s conditions.

The shaft length of the wedges doesn’t vary too much. These clubs are already the shortest in the bag, also exceptional from the putter. However, they come with different types of “bounce”. Generally, bounce means the angle between the sole of the wedge and the ground. High bounce clubs are basically designed for the soft conditions, for example, soft sand.

Low Bounce clubs are suitable for tighter lies. If you buy each wedge separately, you can tailor your wedges to suit your game and also the courses you play.

The Types Of Golf Wedges and Their Uses:

Pitching Wedge:

Generally, every store-bought golf club is a pitching wedge (abbreviated PW). It is the most common type of golf wedge and almost every golfer carries this type of wedge in their bag. It is also a traditional golf wedge. Though there are other types of wedges, the golfers use them as more options in their short game. Among all wedges, pitching wedges have the least amount of loft, 44 to 50 Degrees.

pitching wedge
pitching wedge

The golfer can easily get the ball under the club by pitching a wedge. However, due to its loft, the ball also will travel some distance. Pitching wedge’s average shot is between 114-140 yards. So, it is a golf club for an approach shot from the fairway or rough.

Gap Wedge

Gap wedges were specially designed to fill a gap in the loft of wedges. These wedges fill the gap between pitching wedges and sand wedges.

gap wedge
gap wedge

For this reason, they have more loft than a pitching wedge and fewer lofts than a lob and sand wedge. Most common gap wedges have lofts between 46 degrees and 54 degrees. Gap wedge shots travel between 90 yards and 110 yards with a firm swing.

So they are useful when the shot is too short for a pitching wedge but too lengthy for a sand wedge. Before buying a gap wedge check the loft of it’s, it should have a higher loft than a pitching wedge and less loft than a sand wedge.

Sand Wedge

Sand wedge (abbreviated SW) has a loft between 54 degrees and 58 degrees. They are good for hitting out of the sand. As a result, this wedge can be used everywhere. Sand wedge’s maximum distance is almost 90 yards. So they can be only used for a short chip onto the green.

sand wedge
sand wedge

Lob Wedge

It is the highest-lofted golf club carried by a golfer. The lob wedges are specially designed to shot the ball into the air. As a result, they are especially good for getting the ball into the air quickly. They have a loft between 60 and 65 Degrees. It allows a golfer to produce more heights. The maximum distance for a lob wedge is 70 yards which are less than pitching and gap wedge.


When you buy a golf clubs set, it usually includes a pitching wedge though all the clubs have similar head design. When you bought separately, any of the wedges available with the choice of bounce. Bounce is the angle between the club sole and the normal set up.

Low bounce clubs are suitable for tight lies. High bounce clubs are suitable for soft lies for example thick rough, sand. In addition, sand wedges are typically heavier than the other wedges.


The short game in golf is about fitness and feel. So it is important to ensure that the wedge you are going to buy is comfortable and easy to control. Before purchasing a wedge you should at least take it in your hand and take some practice swings.

There are some wedges which are lighter or heavier. So you have to know which one will be comfortable for you and can work best for you. Generally wedges have various degrees of flex that can affect how you hit the ball. You can also take knowledge from the professional golfers before buying a wedge.


There are a variety of the lofts of the different wedges according to the different perceptions of different wedge manufacturer. Though golf wedges have different types of classification, their lofts also vary.

Typically pitching wedge is lofted between 45-49 Degrees. Gap wedges logically fit in the gap between 51-53 Degrees. Sand wedge is lofted between 54-58.But the lob wedge is much different. Its loft can be more than 60 Degrees. The typical X-wedge is more than 64 degrees.

1. Pitching Wedge Loft:

Pitching-wedge lofts vary according to the club manufacturers.

A typical pitching wedge feature 45 to 48 degrees of loft. Also you won’t find a pitching wedge more than 50 degrees loft. Though a pitching wedge is the least lofted of the wedge family, so you can hit the ball farther than a lob or sand wedge. Your exact pitching wedge range totally depends on your game.

2. Gap Wedge Loft:

Generally, gap wedges fill the gap between the pitching and sand wedges that features a 56 degrees loft. Approach wedge is another name for gap wedge. A typical gap wedge contains 50 to 54 degrees of loft. Gap wedges allow players to take a full swing. Before gap wedges were invented, golfers often used pitching wedge for very short approaches.

3. Lob Wedge Loft:

Lob wedges has more loft than a sand wedge, 58-60 degrees. They are used for short and fitness shots. As a result the ball rise so rapidly and land on the green smoothly. There are some manufacturers even offer lob wedges loft up to 64 degrees.


Bounce is such a type of character that ensures that it ‘bounces’ through the grass or even sand without digging the ground when the player hits the ball. It is calculated by the leading edge of the club and the ground.

The number of bounce means how fast and how much the wedge throw out off the playing surface when it comes into contact with it. It can be helpful in such a situation where the sand is fluffy because it stops the club from pocking deep into the ground and slowing the club down. But, one thing you have to remember that it can also be disadvantageous if you use a high bounce club on tight turf. Because the club will repel off the hard ground right at the center of the golf ball.


While using with a full swing, it can cause the ball to fly higher within the air but the other club can’t perform that and additionally, it will down the ball quickly on the green with a little spin. While using it to chip the ball, wedges can be used to halt the ball quickly or roll the golf ball towards the hole.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *